Crowbar Press

Master of the Ring
Master of the Ring

Publisher: Crowbar Press

6x9 Perfect Bound

Pages: 320

Words: 158,030

Photos: 151 b&w

Cover: Black & white

ISBN: 978-1-940391-35-9

Item #: cbp61-br

Price: $22.95



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Master of the Ring

Synopsis  |  Chapter Titles  |  Reviews  |  Media Appearances  |  Crowbar Press  |  Buddy Rogers on DVD

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In this modern era of "sports entertainment," World Wrestling Entertainment has been a must-see event.  Legends like Hulk Hogan, "Stone Cold" Steve Austin, and The Rock have headlined on that stage and delivered some of the most memorable moments of the past 30 years.

But, in 1948, years before the aforementioned names were even born, a young man named Buddy (Nature Boy) Rogers got into the ring in Hollywood Legion Stadium and transformed pro wrestling forever.  His flamboyant personality and under-handed tactics made him an immediate box-office sensation.  He was center stage in every territory in the U.S., not only in fast-paced matches, but in backstage power plays.

By the late 1950s, he was an unparalleled superstar, but there was one honor he coveted … the National Wrestling Alliance world heavyweight championship.  To that point, the hostile environment of wrestling politics had stalled his push to the throne, but Rogers overcame the obstacles in his path until, finally, with the right friends in high places, he was given a title match against champion Pat O'Connor in Chicago's Comiskey Park before a record crowd of 38,000 spectators.  By the end of the night, Rogers was the new heavyweight champion of the world!  After the match, he strapped on the title belt, stood in the center of the ring, and in his typically arrogant fashion, announced:
"To a nicer guy, it couldn't happen!"

Backstage assaults and injuries almost derailed his title reign, and in the midst of his historic run, Rogers suffered serious health problems, and a cloud fell over his future on the mat.  In May 1963, he defended the title against Bruno Sammartino, the popular "Italian Superman," at Madison Square Garden.  Since then, wrestling fans have asked countless questions about what really happened on that fabled evening.  Author Hornbaker dissects the incident, as well as Buddy's entire life, to answer those questions and clear up some of the misconceptions and lies told about Buddy.  You will learn the entire "Buddy Rogers Saga" from beginning to end as Hornbaker focuses on the backstage politics, secret strategies, and different perspectives, including never-before-heard inside sources from that time-frame, including Rogers' former manager, Bobby Davis.

Active in wrestling for more than 60 years, Buddy's legacy is as strong today as it ever was.  In 2015, WWE executive and former champion Triple H was asked who he would choose if he had the ability to wrestle any one competitor from the past.  Without hesitation, he said, "Buddy Rogers," acknowledging the masterful legend and bigger-than-life personality of the original "Nature Boy."

In this book, a detailed look at one of the most important figures in wrestling history, the truth of Buddy Rogers is told — in all of his stunning (and colorful) glory.  It's a story with boundless action, mayhem, and excitement.


Tim Hornbaker

Tim Hornbaker is the author of eight nonfiction books to include "Fall from Grace: The Truth and Tragedy of 'Shoeless' Joe Jackson" and "National Wrestling Alliance: The Untold Story of the Monopoly that Strangled Pro Wrestling".  His biographies of Charles A. Comiskey, Ty Cobb, and Joe Jackson were each nominated for awards by the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR), including being a finalist for the prestigious Ritter Award.  His most recent work, "Death of the Territories: Expansion, Betrayal and the War that Changed Pro Wrestling Forever", tells the fascinating story of the 1980s professional wrestling scene, highlighting the demise of the coveted regionally-based grappling system.  As the WWF and Vincent Kennedy McMahon expanded, one-by-one, the territories collapsed, leaving only a handful of organizations in existence by the end of the decade.

In addition to his published works, Hornbaker has contributed to dozens of other projects, written articles for websites and magazines.  Acknowledged as one of the premier wrestling historians, Hornbaker maintains a growing presence on social media and runs a referenced-based professional wrestling website,  Tim lives in South Florida with his wife, Jodi.

Chapter titles
Acknowledgements by Tim Hornbaker
1. Life Begins on Arlington Street
Buddy Rogers was born in Camden, New Jersey, in 1921 to German parents. His childhood, growing up in a booming industrial area near the Delaware River is examined, as well as his early love of sports. He left high school to join the United States Navy in 1939, and was almost immediately faced with immeasurable tragedy.
2. From Gob to Grappler
Upon his discharge from the Navy, Rogers returned to Camden to support his mother. He worked a variety of jobs before landing at the New York Shipbuilding Corporation during the war. Having wrestled at the local YMCA, Buddy became the student of an old pro wrestler named Fred Grobmier. In 1942, he made his wrestling debut.
3. The Rohde Brothers
Professional wrestling was much more than just what happened on the mat. Rogers quickly learned that backstage politics was a dangerous business. He worked for several different booking agents in the midst of the chaotic environment and “made his bones” against more experienced grapplers.
4. The Atomic Blond
By 1945, Rogers left the Northeast for Texas and performed as the “Atomic Blond.” His charisma and boundless energy made him the most popular young athlete on the circuit. He caught the eye of a colorful promoter named Jack Pfefer, who wanted to take him to the next level. Rogers agreed and signed him to be his manager.
5. Drawing Blood and Suspensions
Having learned new skills and with a new level of confidence, Rogers developed a fresh style of performance – one that set the wrestling world ablaze. He was considered to be as a future world heavyweight champion and wrestling fans were completely behind him. In New York, however, his newfangled methods drew the ire of the local Athletic Commission.
6. Wrestling's Nature Boy
Jack Pfefer's creative mind found a new gimmick for Rogers, and in summer 1948, dubbed him the “Nature Boy,” in reference to the famous song by Nat King Cole. The new persona took off immediately, and Buddy went from one of the most popular to perhaps the most hated. In St. Louis, Buddy singlehandedly turned the tides of a promotional war.
7. Time for a Change
Between 1949 and ‘50, Rogers wowed audiences with his showmanship, and wore capes and other fanciful gear to garner attention. But Buddy grew tired of the act and chose to focus on his performance without the extra glamour. Again, wrestling politics hurt him, and Rogers began to see flaws in his manager, Jack Pfefer.
8. The Pfefer Curse
After five years with Jack Pfefer, Rogers decided to sever his ties and go his own way. The move had far-reaching consequences and turned the ever-vengeful Pfefer against him. Buddy wasn't deterred and went to work for Eddie Quinn in Montreal and other new cities to capitalize on his potential.
9. A Perennial Champion
Making money hand over fist, Rogers wrestled in the largest arenas in Montreal, Boston, and Chicago, and his television appearances were must-see for fans. He became a world champion and wrestled all the top names in the business. He also developed one of the most influential moves in wrestling history, the figure-four grapevine. It was a game-changer.
10. Rogers vs. Rogers
Buddy's name was splashed across the sports pages of newspapers from coast-to-coast as he generated heat with new ideas and methods. In 1955, he was hit with a lawsuit by Charles (Buddy) Rogers, the well-known actor-singer. Needless to say, Rogers didn't want to lose his trademark name.
11. Mentoring a Legend
The heralded former boxing champion Joe Louis was down on his luck in 1956 and needed huge sums of money to pay off his tax debt. When a Philadelphia promoter offered Louis a chance to wrestle to make extra money, he agreed. Rogers stepped in as a coach and road agent for Louis, and the two headed for the Deep South.
12. The Politics of Wrestling
Although Rogers had been a claimant to a world title, he had never been the National Wrestling Alliance world heavyweight champion, which was the greatest honor in the business. In 1957, Buddy had support to take over the mantle, but was blocked by Lou Thesz. It was wrestling politics at its worst and Buddy had to play the long game.
13. The Path to Capitol
Working the road was a tough job, especially in California and Texas, and Buddy longed for new horizons. He joined friends to help promote the Ohio territory, but was presented with a potential life-changing opportunity in the Northeast. In 1960, he joined Vince McMahon “Senior” in Capitol Wrestling, and the balance in pro wrestling changed forever.
14. The Ultimate Goal
Times had changed by 1961, and the political environment which had held him back was now working in Buddy's favor. The leaders of the National Wrestling Alliance decided to authorize a reign for Buddy as the heavyweight champion, and in June 1961, he beat Pat O'Connor for the title. History had been made.
15. An Arduous Journey
Never before had an NWA world champion achieved the level of success that Buddy saw day-after-day, and arenas were packed when his name was on the bill. But the excess traveling in defense of his title was beyond anything he'd experienced previously. Battling the challenges of the road and injuries, Rogers set a new standard for a wrestling champion.
16. A Champion on the Ropes
More of a performer than a legitimate wrestler, Rogers had to contend with a possible in-ring double-cross by conspiring ring foes. However, Buddy didn't expect to be attacked in a Columbus, Ohio, dressing room by two fellow wrestlers. The assault left him with an injury to both his arm and psyche, and he was thoroughly embarrassed.
17. Blind to the Consequences
As his reign continued, Rogers dealt with tightness in his chest. The condition worsened and it was apparent he was dealing with a serious health problem. But rather than give up his position, he coped with the pain at great risk. In January 1963, he agreed to lose the NWA world title to Lou Thesz, but was soon named the inaugural WWWF (WWE) champion.
18. A King Dethroned
In 1963, the wrestling world was shocked by the sudden downfall of Buddy Rogers. Only months earlier, he was traveling throughout North America, and he appeared to be in top physical condition. Suddenly, amidst rumors, he lost the WWWF title to Bruno Sammartino, and that became one of the most talked-about and disputed matches in the sport's history.
19. The Next Chapter
Forcibly retired from wrestling, Buddy struggled with the life adjustments forced upon him. He went into business in New Jersey and used his name recognition to make a living. As the ‘60s wore on, the lure of the ring became too much, and he made the first of several comebacks. Since his heart condition hadn't improved, he was taking his life into his hands.
20. Passing the Torch
After matches in Canada, Rogers retired again. He divorced his third wife and remarried, this time to a former Las Vegas stage performer. In the late ‘70s, he reemerged on the wrestling circuit, first in Florida and then in the Mid-Atlantic region, as both a wrestler and manager. In the latter territory, he effectively passed the torch to “Nature Boy” Ric Flair.
21. The Legend Lives Forever
Rogers formed a friendship with comedian Andy Kaufman, worked at the Playboy Casino Hotel in Atlantic City, and appeared for the WWF in the early 1980s. In 1992, after making several public appearances, and looking great for a man his age, Buddy unexpectedly passed away in Florida from a stroke. The wrestling world was shocked at his loss.
Photo Gallery

Reviews and comments

There is no wrestler in history that has a bigger following than Buddy Rogers.  Within the sport, he is a mythical figure surrounded by mystery.  He is pro wrestling's greatest enigma.  He is the topic of conversation by insiders and historians that never stops.
  My fear had always been that some WWE hack writer would figure that out and do a weak corporation-type book on Buddy.  This needed a major historian, who was a master of research, and had the writing talent to pull together an interesting book that could cover a hidden figure like Rogers.  I was relieved to find out that Tim Hornbaker, writer of "National Wrestling Alliance: The Untold Story of the Monopoly That Strangled Pro Wrestling," the greatest wrestling history book even written, had taken on the project.  Tim had experience in doing wrestling projects and was the best researcher we have, and he can write.  I think Tim has done an amazing job in hitting the important events in Rogers' life, and revealing facts we never thought we'd know.  It's major work, done by the top guy in the field.  Now it will be the Buddy Rogers book being copied in the years that follow.  I'm proud to say that Tim Hornbaker is my friend.
— Steve Yohe, wrestling historian and author

  I started watching pro wrestling just after Buddy Rogers won the NWA title from Pat O'Conner.  Rogers was, and still is, my all-time favorite wrestler.  I was able to get my parents to take me the Newark Armory in New Jersey to see him in a Texas death tag team match (the boos that night were deafening) and I met him one time as an adult at a John Arezzi convention in New York before he died.
  Tim Hornbaker, in "Master of the Ring," does an amazing job covering Rogers' entire life; his incredible in-ring ability; ability to draw emotions from fans (he was the ultimate heel by the time I came along); relationships with key people like Vince McMahon Sr. and the incredibly talented Bobby Davis; and career history.  This is done with pain-staking historical accuracy.  While I knew much about Rogers, the book gave me so much more insight into his full career and the man.  The book is incredibly comprehensive and Tim strives to leave no stone unturned.  The documentation of his facts is incredible.
  Included are the tense relationships between Rogers and Lou Thesz; and Rogers and Bruno Sammartino.  Also included are the very real medical issues that, unfortunately, closed his time in the recently formed WWWF, and the rematch against Sammartino that never happened (although Tim accurately reports that Rogers pinned Bruno in a tag match at Madison Square Garden, that was a natural set-up for the rematch).
  As a bio of Rogers, the book is really a crafted masterpiece.  It should be "required reading" for wrestling fans.
— Mike Omansky

  Tim Hornbaker has written an absorbing and very well-researched account of the life of Buddy Rogers, one of the seminal figures in the history of professional wrestling.  Not only did I learn a great deal about Buddy, but I came away with a new respect for who he was and what he meant — and continues to mean — for the business to which he was so deeply committed.  Anyone with even a passing interest in this fascinating era of wrestling will enjoy this book.
— Mike Chapman, author of 31 books, founder of the Dan Gable Museum, Waterloo, Iowa

  Unbelievably complete and comprehensive, especially considering the degree of mystery which has always surrounded so many of the scenarios he was a part of.  Very few stones left unturned.
— Daniel Chernau

  Professional wrestling's best wrestling historian has turned his formidable research skills to the life of the seminal professional wrestler Buddy Rogers.  That Buddy Rogers remains a controversial, indeed divisive figure in pro wrestling history, is a testament to his impact on the business.  Tim Hornbaker details both Rogers' life and career with an eye to both the history of and changes within the professional wrestling business.  This is a serious biography, not a 'fan piece' or a puff piece of any sort.  Hornbaker documents Rogers' modest beginnings to his gradual rise through the professional wrestling business, to becoming NWA world champion (when that title meant something), then to his post-championship years.  It is hard to imagine anyone doing this any better.  Along the way, Tim Hornbaker manages to dispel some stuborrnly persistent pro wrestling myths.  Although (contrary to what some think) Buddy Rogers had some amateur wrestling experience (no Dick Hutton or Jack Brisco, but all the same), his lasting impact will be as a performer and innovator with a virtually infallible eye to the moods and wants of each crowd.  Tim Hornbaker has an admirable grasp of pro wrestling history and he employs it quite effectively in this book.  If Tim Hornbaker misses one thing about the impact of Buddy Rogers on the business, one must turn to the legend Lou Thesz – who said that Rogers conclusively changed the pro wrestling 'game' from something performed primarily on the mat to something performed primarily on one's feet.  Lou said even he followed Buddy in this regard.  But it's a minor reservation.  The tragic post-heart attack days of Buddy Rogers are fully detailed – his sporadic returns to the ring, his work as a manager, and even his beating up of some hold-up thug in a restaurant.  This is a great book, a necessary addition to the library of anyone serious about the history of this business.  Unhesitatingly recommended.
— Greg Cameron

Media appearances by the authors

SLAM Wrestling
Time to strut; biography on Buddy Rogers announced
by Jamie Hemmings

Book Review: 'Master of the Ring' by Tim Hornbaker
by Adam Rice

The biography of Nature Boy Buddy Rogers

Schedule media appearances

Buddy Rogers on DVD
Pro Wrestling Superstars: Buddy Rogers, volume 1
DVD with case/custom artwork

—PRO WRESTLING SUPERSTARS — Buddy Rogers, volume 1 —

Lou Thesz — vs. — Buddy Rogers  (January 26, 1951)
Lou Thesz — vs. — Buddy Rogers
Cyclone Anaya — vs. — Buddy Rogers  (January 5, 1951)

Run time: 1 hour, 55 minutes

—PRO WRESTLING SUPERSTARS — Buddy Rogers, volume 1 —

Lou Thesz — vs. — Buddy Rogers  (January 26, 1951)
Lou Thesz — vs. — Buddy Rogers
Cyclone Anaya — vs. — Buddy Rogers  (January 5, 1951)

Run time: 1 hour, 55 minutes
Pro Wrestling Superstars: Buddy Rogers, volume 2
DVD with case/custom artwork

HOOKER by Lou Thesz